As the name suggests, the Sumatran Elephant is endemic to the island of Sumatra in Indonesia. It is one of the three sub-species of Asian Elephant that also includes the Indian and the Sri Lankan Elephant. They will eat 112 different plants species. Lifespan. Males of Sumatran elephant generally exhibit visible tusks, which don't tend to grow long. The Sumatran elephant follows strict migration routes that are determined by the monsoon season. Tusks of female elephants are extremely short, usually being hidden under the upper lip. They can weigh up to 5tonnes and reach 9ft in height! They also share their lush forest habitat with several other endangered species, such as the Sumatran rhino, tiger, and orangutan, and countless other species that all benefit from an elephant population that thrives in a healthy habitat. The Sumatran Elephant lives in groups called herds; the mothers watch their children, while the males look for threatening danger. Sumatran elephants are the smallest Asian elephants, meanwhile differing from the other 2 sub-species morphologically, anatomically and genetically by brighter skin with less de-pigmented spots. Sumatran elephant’s diet includes grasses, barks, fruits, leaves, seeds, and shoots. They are listed by the IUCN as Critically Endangered; owing to the fact they have lost half their habitat in only one generation and in the same time their population has plummeted by 80%. The species often has no tusks or very short tusks unlike other elephant species. Quick Facts. Like other elephants, Sumatran elephants are sociable animals and need large areas of land with enough food and shelter for populations to flourish. However, this sub-species has become an endangered species due to the drastic decline of their population in the last 75 years. Amazing Facts About the Sumatran Elephant. Find Out More About the Sumatran Elephant. Adult elephants can drink 80 – 200 liters of water each day. Sumatran elephants play a vital part in maintaining ecosystems, as they feed on a variety of plants and deposit the seeds as they travel. The Sumatran Elephant is the smallest subspecies, but the largest mammal existing on the island of Sumatra. They play a critical role in healthy forest ecosystems by acting as seed dispersers.

The Asian elephants are more likely to possess a light-colored coat as compared to the African subspecies.
Herds can be found in the the broadleaf, moist tropical forests of Borneo and Sumatra. Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranus) are one of four species of Asian elephant. Sumatran elephants can stand 6.6 and 10.5 feet tall and weighs 4,400 and 8,800 pounds. Sumatran elephants feed on a variety of plants and deposit seeds wherever they go, contributing to a healthy forest ecosystem. The Sumatran Elephant is the smallest of all elephants and unlike the larger elephants, the highest point is on the head. The Sumatran Elephant shares an environment with several other endangered species, including the Sumatran rhino, tiger, and orangutan. With a stranger appearance to their African cousins, the Sumatran Elephant is almost completely bald with small rounded ears.

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